"Ukraine Plus" as a Model for Brexit

Brexit negotiations could produce a "Ukraine Plus Model". This is the conclusion reached by the authors of the latest cepAdhoc. They compare the British Prime Minister's proposals with agreements which the EU has concluded with other countries.


The authors believe that the "Ukraine Plus Model" corresponds best to the British objectives in that it contains extensive reciprocal market access and in addition – other than most common free trade agreements such as CETA – provides for a cooperation in security and defence policy. Other than the Norway and Switzerland Model, "Ukraine Plus" does not entail free movement und requires neither the transposition of EU law into national law nor compliance with the case law of the ECJ. Thus the United Kingdom's key requirements are met.