Climate Protection Outside the EU ETS

The EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) for reducing greenhouse gases (GHG) covers only about 45% of EU GHG emissions. Non-covered economic sectors include road transport, buildings, agriculture and waste management. In these sectors, GHG emissions are to be reduced through "effort-sharing" within the EU.


The "effort sharing" system has been comprehensively reformed for the period 2021-2030. The cep has analysed the reform and recommends to include all sectors in the EU ETS instead of only setting national GHG reduction targets. In addition, climate change measures outside the EU ETS will become more efficient if Member States can use flexibility options to meet their GHG caps.