Central to the agreement is a mechanism which will allow Greece to effectively deport unwanted refugees back to Turkey. In return, according to the agreement, the EU will take one Syrian refugee from Turkey for each one sent back to Turkey. In this way it is hoped that many potential refugees will be dissuaded for crossing the Aegean and the smugglers' business will be disrupted.
Before such reduction to take effect, the draft conclusions will have to be worked out in detail and then be implemented. Uncertainty will hence remain at least until the next summit next week. The Eu
The returns are a key part of an agreement between the European Union and Turkey aimed at ending the uncontrollable influx of refugees into Europe. Central to the agreement is a mechanism which will allow Greece to effectively deport unwanted refugees back to Turkey. In return, according to the agreement, the EU will take one Syrian refugee from Turkey for each one sent back to Turkey. In this way it is hoped that many potential refugees will be dissuaded for crossing the Aegean and the smugglers' business will be disrupted.
The refugee crisis requires a radical strengthening of the EU migration system and a coordinated European response, the EU Commission said Wednesday. “While a reduction in flows is highly desirable in view of often overwhelmed national and local authorities, there should be no illusions that the refugee crisis will end before its root causes – instability, war and terror in Europe’s immediate [...] financial and practical support,” he said. See also our cepInput on the empirical and legal aspects of the refugee crisis.
Athens has rejected accusations by the EU Commission that it was neglecting border protection. “Of course Greece is protecting its borders,” Deputy Minister for European Affairs Nikos Xydakis wrote in an op-ed piece for German weekly Stern. “Greece, however, cannot and will not sink refugee boats,” he stressed. The EU Commission said in a report released Wednesday that Greece had “seriously [...] difference, most of all we have to take care of the root causes why so many migrants are currently pushing towards Europe.” See also our cepInput on the empirical and legal aspects of the refugee
ECB President Mario Draghi said Friday in a speech at the World Economic Forum in Davos that the current influx of refugees can address the looming demographic problems faced in EU member states where populations are ageing fast. Draghi reckoned that the refugees crisis would also boost public spending in the most concerned EU states and thereby support GDP growth. The ECB head stressed, though, that it was important that EU leaders worked together to turn the challenge of coping with refugees, adding he was “pretty confident” they would get their act together in the end. See also our cep
Eurogroup chairman Jeroen Dijsselbloem has warned that EU member states which fail to adequately guard the external borders of the European Union and do not take in a fair share of refugees could [...] support for refugee camps in Turkey and Lebanon.”If we do not do it in the external borders of the EU's 28 members, or in the Schengen zone, then maybe we will have to do it on the level of a mini-Schengen zone,” Dijsselbloem said in an interview in Belgian business dailies De Tijd and L'Echo. See also our cepInput on the empirical and legal aspects of the refugee crisis.
Europe should set a limit on the number of refugees it takes in, German Interior Minister Thomas de Maiziere said in an interview with Der Standard. “Those most in need – from Syria and Irak – will be jointly chosen,” de Maiziere told the Austrian daily. “When the quota is filled, there are no further entries in the year," he said. See also our cepInput on the empirical and legal aspects of the refugee crisis.
European leaders meet at a special summit to speed up work on a joint refugee crisis plan. The key issues to be discussed are the protection of the EU’s outer border. The summit may formally declare closed the Balkan route from Greece to Germany, although that is one of several issues where opinion is sharply divided. Redistribution was “not at the top of the agenda”, cep legal expert Urs Pötzsch said. The willingness of reluctant countries hosting refugees has not grown. "The current strategy involved solving the refugee problem at as geographically remote a location from central Europe as
The EU border agency Frontex said it had sent 293 officers and 15 boats to the Aegean islands. Dozens more Frontex staff are to be dispatched to Greece over the coming weeks. Greek government sources indicated however that the size of the Frontex force is still insufficient to deal with the refugee crisis, Kathimerini reported. Meanwhile, EPP parliamentary group leader Manfred Weber in an interview with Frankfurter Allgemeine raised the possibility of a temporary exit of Greece from the Schengen area. See also our cepInput on the empirical and legal aspects of the refugee crisis.