Redistribution between the EU Member States
Calculating redistribution in the European Union has so far been based exclusively on the EU budget. Its figures are used to determine the "net recipients" and "net contributors". In cep's view, this falls short. A comprehensive Study now shows which countries profited most from the redistribution instruments in the EU between 2008 and 2015.
Apart from the budget, financial assistance to overcome the euro crisis as well as the activities of the European Investment Bank (EIB) and the European Central Bank (ECB) can also have a huge impact on redistribution. This Study provides a detailed picture of who are the winners and losers of this flow of funds.