4th Railway Package: European Railway Agency (Directive)
Railway undertakings need a safety certification to be allowed to use railway infrastructure. Railway vehicles need to obtain an authorisation. The present processes for obtaining safety certifications and authorisation for railway vehicles are long and costly. The Commission intends to reduce the duration and cost of the certification and authorisation processes by less and more coherent national rules, by introducing an EU-wide uniform certification and by giving more powers to the European Railway Agency (ERA).
Granting safety certifications and authorisations on EU-level strengthens the internal market and competition. National railway authorities should participate in the process of authorisation with their role being clearly defined.